The Different Types of Cryptocurrency: An Investor’s Guide

Satoshi Nakamoto first introduced Bitcoin in 2009. At that time, it faced little or no competition in the nascent world of digital currencies. By 2011, however, rivals had begun to use the blockchain technology that Bitcoin uses.

These rivals began to build their own currencies and platforms. This resulted in the emergence of different types of cryptocurrency. Thus, all of a sudden, there was a rush to develop more crypto.

In this investor’s guide, we’ll explore the different types of cryptocurrency. But first, let’s get to the basics of the matter and understand the fundamentals of cryptocurrency.


What Is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrencies in their foundation are value systems. When an investor purchases a cryptocurrency, they’re wagering that the investment’s value will rise in the future. This is similar to how traders and investors on the stock market purchase stocks in the hopes of seeing a company’s share price increase.

We base stock values on discounted projections of future revenues. Since there’s no underlying corporation, there is no corresponding valuation metric with a cryptocurrency. Instead, the value of a cryptocurrency is solely determined by investor demand.

How Cryptocurrency Works

Blockchain technology underpins cryptocurrency, but what is a blockchain? Since people use the term “blockchain” a lot now, its definition and importance are confusing for many of us.

In simple terms, a blockchain is an electronic record of transactions, which we call a digital ledger. This ledger (database) is shared over a computer network. No single computer system can control the ledger. Instead, a blockchain uses a decentralized network of computers. This is to authenticate its transactions and maintain its ledger.

Advocates of blockchain tech claim it may improve data transparency, security, and trust when distributed throughout a network. Non-advocates claim that blockchain technology is inefficient, costly, and consumes excessive amounts of energy.

If rational crypto investors believe in the power and value of any digital asset’s underlying blockchain, they will purchase it. Every cryptocurrency is built with blockchain. This implies that cryptocurrency investors bet on the blockchain’s robustness and appeal.

In a cryptos blockchain foundation, the network records cryptocurrency transactions on an indefinite ongoing basis. Blockchain technology introduces clusters of transactions to the ‘chain’ in block form. This technology then authenticates the transactions’ legitimacy and maintains the network’s existence and operations.

The ledger is open to the public and records all of the bundles of transactions. Anyone may view the transactions on some of the largest blockchains. This includes viewing Ethereum (ETH) or Bitcoin (BTC) transactions at any time, for example.

The Proof-of-Work Mechanism

Why do individuals use their computers to verify blockchain transactions?

Well, crypto miners get the underlying cryptocurrency as a reward. This proof-of-work (PoW) mechanism is an incentive-driven system.

Miners are indeed the computers that ‘work’ in order to ‘prove’ the legitimacy of any blockchain transactions. Miners receive newly generated cryptocurrencies in exchange for their input.

Cryptocurrency investors do not keep their funds in regular bank accounts; they use digital addresses. Such addresses include public and private keys. These are lengthy sequences of letters and numbers that allow cryptocurrency users to receive and send money. A public key is available to the public. Thus, a user with such a key can receive cryptos from anyone.

Cryptocurrency Wallets

Users of cryptocurrency have a wallet. It includes specific information that proves they are the rightful owners of the currencies they hold.

Wallets reduce the danger of cryptos, while private keys certify the legitimacy of a particular cryptocurrency transaction.

Cryptocurrency exchange wallets are sensitive to hackers. For example, Mt. Gox, a Bitcoin exchange located in Japan, fell and filed bankruptcy after hackers methodically robbed it of over $450 million worth of Bitcoin traded on its computers.

You can save wallets in the cloud or on internal or external hard drives. We suggest you have one backup wallet, irrespective of how you maintain your main wallet.

It’s also important to back up your wallet, will provide you with a copy of your wallet’s existence and ownership. The copy will not contain your real cryptocurrencies, though.

What’s Happening Now With Crypto?

Bitcoin, without a doubt, has shifted the paradigm; there’s never been anything exactly like it before. It has ushered in a whole new technology, an altogether new form of investment, and a unique way to consider money in general.

Cryptocurrency originated as an anti-establishment movement. Yet, companies and big banks are adopting it for its potential to surpass old, outdated systems. They also use them to diversify their investment portfolios.

Cryptocurrency will keep evolving as new technologies transform the cryptocurrency sector. Intriguing projects involving decentralized finance (DeFi) are something to keep an eye on.

Investing In Cryptocurrency

First and foremost, if you want crypto investments, you must have all of your financial affairs in order. That involves keeping an emergency fund. You also need a sustainable burden of debt, and a well-diversified investment portfolio is a good idea.

Your cryptocurrency investments may help you diversify your portfolio and, ideally, increase your total profits. So, as you begin cryptocurrency investing, keep these crypto for beginners factors in mind:

Understand Your Investments

Like you would with any other investment, understand your cryptocurrencies by doing your homework. When buying shares, it’s critical to read up as much as you can about the company you’re investing in. Prepare to research in the same way every cryptocurrency you plan to buy.

Thousands of cryptocurrencies exist, and each will operate in a different way. Furthermore, developers are creating new ones every day. A good idea is to ensure you have a compelling argument for every trade.

Several cryptocurrencies have no backing, including neither physical assets nor any cash flow. For instance, Bitcoin investors rely only on someone else buying their cryptocurrency investments for more than they did.

With stocks, a company’s revenues may expand and generate returns for you. Yet, with many digital currencies, you have to hope the market will become more enthusiastic and positive in order for you to make any profits.

Cryptos’ Tendencies for Volatility

Cryptocurrency values are highly volatile at times. They may tank in a matter of seconds based on a rumor that could turn out to be false.

This information can be advantageous for knowledgeable investors who can execute quick transactions or have a firm understanding of the market’s dynamics. It’s a labyrinth for novice investors who don’t have these abilities or have the powerful algorithms to drive such trades.

Wall Street traders are experts in volatility as they compete with other wealthy investors. Any volatility might quickly destroy a novice investment.

This is since volatility frightens traders, especially newbies. Nevertheless, other traders may take advantage of the situation and purchase on the low.

Risk Management

You must control your risk while trading any asset short-term. And, this is extra important with assets that are volatile, like cryptocurrencies. As a beginner trader, you will need to learn how to manage your risk and build a strategy to avoid losing money. And this procedure differs from one person to the next.

If you are a long-term investor, your risk management might be never to sell, despite the price. An investor’s long-term mindset permits them to continue with the investment with little worry.

Risk management strategy for the short term can include establishing rigorous standards for when to sell. An example of this could be when your investment has fallen 10% or more, you sell it. You then follow guidelines to the letter, ensuring that a minor loss does not turn into a crippling loss later.

New traders might consider putting aside a particular amount of trading capital and just spending a fraction of it, to begin with. You can have money in reserve to trade if a position goes against you.

The bottom line is if you don’t have backup money, you can’t trade with confidence. Having cash in reserve ensures that you will always have the cash flow to trade with.

Risk management is necessary, but it comes with emotional costs. Selling when you’re in a losing position stings. But, it’s something you’ll have to do from time to time if you want to prevent a worse loss from happening further down the line.

Invest What You Can Afford

It’s critical not to invest the money you need in any sort of speculative assets. If you cannot afford to lose the cash you intend to invest, you shouldn’t put it in riskier investments like Bitcoin or other assets like ETFs or stocks.

Keep the money you’ll need in the coming years safe in a bank account. This money could be for things such as a house downpayment or a major forthcoming purchase.

Crypto Examples

Since the launch of Bitcoin, the use of cryptocurrencies has surged.

Currency prices are indeed very volatile, and actual active currency counts change. Yet, the aggregate value of every functional cryptocurrency in the market is heading upward. People are trading hundreds or even thousands of cryptocurrencies at any given moment.

Also read: What Did Investors Look In Bitcoin Trading Before Investing?

The following cryptocurrencies are notable for their stability and acceptance, substantial user activity, and very high market cap:


Bitcoin is the most extensively used cryptocurrency on the planet, and people often recognize it by pushing the cryptocurrency idea into mainstream finance.

Its unit value and market cap often outnumber the second most prominent cryptocurrency. The quantity of Bitcoin is limited to 21 million units.

Bitcoin is becoming more accepted as a genuine form of payment. Many large brands and businesses accept Bitcoin as payment. Albeit, most of them work through an exchange to change Bitcoin to US dollars before collecting their funds.

But did you know there are Bitcoin ATMs now? Search “bitcoin ATMs near me” and you might be surprised!

Ethereum (ETH)

Ethereum was launched in 2015, and is second in popularity to Bitcoin as a cryptocurrency most of the time.

Ethereum improves on Bitcoin’s underlying design in some significant ways. It makes use of their concept of smart contracts, which enforce the completion of transactions, force parties not to break their commitments, and include procedures for reimbursement if one party breaks the deal.

While smart contracts are a significant step toward solving the lack of refunds and chargebacks in cryptocurrencies, we still don’t know if they will solve the problem. Nevertheless, they are at least somewhat to credit for the success of Ethereum.

Litecoin (LTC)

Litecoin, which was launched in 2011, has the same basic framework as Bitcoin. A greater planned supply limit and a faster creation time of blockchains are two critical distinctions.

Litecoin’s encryption algorithm is also a little different. Regarding market capitalization, Litecoin tends to be the third most popular cryptocurrency, but sometimes second.

Ripple (XRP)

Ripple, which was launched in 2012, is known for its consensus ledger technology. This technology reduces blockchain generation and transaction confirmation times. There isn’t a set target time; however, the average tends to be a few seconds.

They have a currency exchange in-house that converts Ripple units into US euros, yen, dollars, and other major currencies. You can exchange Ripple much faster than other cryptocurrencies too.

Critics point out that Ripple’s code and network are more vulnerable to cyber threats and might not provide the same level of anonymity as cryptocurrencies derived from Bitcoin.

Dogecoin (DOGE)

You can recognize Dogecoin (DOGE), a Litecoin variant, by the identifiable Shiba Inu character.

It features a faster blockchain generation time and a far more significant amount of units in circulation. The developers’ goal to mine 100 billion coins by July 2015 happened. There is a supply limit of 5.2 billion coins that miners can mine each year after that, and no limit on supply.

As a result, Dogecoin stands out for being an inflationary cryptocurrency experiment. Analysts are keeping a careful eye on it. This is to learn how its value trajectory in the long-term compares to various other cryptocurrencies.

The Different Types of Cryptocurrency

We’ve mentioned a few of the different types of cryptocurrency you can invest in. It is a good idea to search out many more and assess whether they are worth your time and money.

So thanks for checking out this post, and we hope it was helpful? If so, why not check out our blog for more tips and advice?

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